Judah

   One of the two Hebrew (Jewish) kingdoms that flourished in ancient Palestine and were eventually attacked and absorbed by the Assyrians and the Babylonians. After King Solomon's death in the tenth century b.c., the first kingdom of Israel was divided into separate states - Israel in the north and Judah in the south. Jerusalem remained the capital of Judah. Judah survived the invasion of the Assyrians in the late 700s b.c. that brought about the destruction of Israel. But the Babylonians defeated Judah in 597 b.c. and deported its king and nobles to sites in Mesopotamia, marking the first stage of the Diaspora, the dispersion of Jews to areas outside of Palestine. In 537 b.c. the Persian king CyrusIIallowedtheJewstoreturnto Judah, where they built the Second Temple between 520 and 515 B.C.. Judah was no longer an independent nation, however; it remained part of a Persian satrapy, or province, until Alexander the Great conquered the Persian Empire in the late fourth century B.C.

Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary. . 2015.

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  • JUDAH — (Heb. יְהוּדָה), fourth son of Jacob and Leah. The biblical explanation of the name Judah connects it with thanksgiving and praise (Heb. אוֹדֶה, oʾdeh; Gen. 29:35). However, if one compares the names Judith (Gen. 26:34) and Jahdai (I Chron. 2:47) …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • JUDAH — (Nesiah), nasi from about 230 to 270 C.E., son of Gamaliel III, and grandson of Judah ha Nasi. During his period of office the power of the nasi began to decline and the struggle between him and the scholars became intensified. Judah and his… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Judah II — was a famous Jewish sage who lived in Tiberias in the Land of Israel, in the middle of the third century CE. He is mentioned in the classical works of Judaism s oral law, the Mishnah and Talmud.There he is variously called Judah, Judah Nesi ah ( …   Wikipedia

  • JUDAH IV — (fl. c. 385–400 C.E.), patriarch, son of gamaliel V. Very little is known about him, and even that little is doubtful. He seems to have been unpopular with contemporary rabbis, and when his sister Mana died, a leading Palestinian scholar refused… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • JUDAH — JUDAH, surname of at least three colonial American families not known to be related. New York Judahs BARUCH JUDAH (c. 1678–1774), who was born in Breslau, founded a family appearing in New York, Newport, Rhode Island, and Richmond, Virginia, in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Judah — ist der Name folgender Personen: Mel Judah (* 1947), australischer Pokerspieler Zab Judah (* 1977), US amerikanischer Boxer Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Begr …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Judah — [jo͞o′də] n. [Heb yehūdhāh, lit., praised] 1. a masculine name: dim. Jude; fem. Judith 2. Bible a) Jacob s fourth son, whose mother was Leah: Gen. 29:35 b) the tribe descended from him, the strongest of the twelve tribes of Israel: Num. 1:26 3.… …   English World dictionary

  • Judah IV — held the office of Nasi of the ancient Jewish Sanhedrin between 385 and 400 CE, following Gamaliel V. He was succeeded by Gamaliel VI, the last occupant of the office. References …   Wikipedia

  • Judah — m Biblical name, possibly meaning ‘praised’ in Hebrew, borne by the fourth son of Jacob (Genesis 29: 35), who gave his name to one of the twelve tribes of Israel and to one of its two kingdoms. Cognate: Hebrew: Yehuda …   First names dictionary

  • Judah — masc. proper name, biblical son of Jacob by Leah, also the name of a tribe of Israel, from Heb. Yehudah, from stem of y d h, lit. praised …   Etymology dictionary

  • Judah — Infobox Given Name Revised name = Judah imagesize= caption= pronunciation= gender = meaning = region = origin = related names = footnotes = Judah (Hebrew: יְהוּדָה, Standard Hebrew: Yəhuda ; Tiberian vocalization:unicode|Yəhûḏāh, Celebrated,… …   Wikipedia

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